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10 Key Verses on the Second Coming of Christ

This text is a part of the Key Bible Verses sequence.

All commentary notes tailored from the ESV Examine Bible.

1. Matthew 24:36–44

“However regarding that day and hour nobody is aware of, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, however the Father solely. For as have been the times of Noah, so would be the coming of the Son of Man. For as in these days earlier than the flood they have been consuming and consuming, marrying and giving in marriage, till the day when Noah entered the ark, and so they have been unaware till the flood got here and swept all of them away, so would be the coming of the Son of Man. Then two males might be within the discipline; one might be taken and one left. Two girls might be grinding on the mill; one might be taken and one left. Subsequently, keep awake, for you have no idea on what day your Lord is coming. However know this, that if the grasp of the home had recognized in what a part of the evening the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and wouldn’t have let his home be damaged into. Subsequently you additionally have to be prepared, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you don’t count on.” Learn Extra

In response to the disciples asking, “when will these items be?” (Matt. 24:3), Jesus says nobody is aware of, not even . . . the Son, however the Father solely. In his incarnate life, Jesus realized issues as different human beings study them (cf. Luke 2:52; Heb. 5:8). Alternatively, Jesus was additionally totally God, and, as God, he had infinite data (cf. John 2:25; 16:30; 21:17). Right here he’s apparently talking when it comes to his human nature. That is just like different statements about Jesus which might be true of his human nature solely, and never of his divine nature (he grew and have become sturdy, Luke 2:40; elevated in stature, Luke 2:52; was about 30 years outdated, Luke 3:23; was weary, John 4:6; was thirsty, John 19:28; was hungry, Matt. 4:2; was crucified, 1 Cor. 2:8). Taking account of those verses, along with many verses that affirm Christ’s deity, the Council of Chalcedon in A.D. 451 affirmed that Christ was “good in Godhead and in addition good in manhood; actually God and actually man.” But it additionally affirmed that Jesus was “one Individual and one Subsistence.”

With regard to the properties of his human nature and his divine nature, the Chalcedonian Creed affirmed that Christ was to be “acknowledged in two natures, inconfusedly, unchangeably, indivisibly, inseparably; the excellence of natures being not at all taken away by the union, however slightly the property of every nature being preserved.” That meant the properties of deity and the properties of humanity have been each preserved. How Jesus may have restricted data and but know all issues is tough, and far stays a thriller, for no one else has ever been each God and man. One chance is that Jesus frequently lived on the idea of his human data however may at any time recall to mind something from his infinite data.

taken . . . left. The outline could point out that one is taken away to ultimate judgment (cf. Matt. 24:39) whereas the opposite stays to expertise salvation at Christ’s return. Or presumably the one who’s taken is among the many elect that the Son of Man will “collect . . . from the 4 winds” (Mat. 24:31).

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2. Luke 21:25–28

“And there might be indicators in solar and moon and stars, and on the earth misery of countries in perplexity due to the roaring of the ocean and the waves, folks fainting with worry and with foreboding of what’s approaching the world. For the powers of the heavens might be shaken. After which they’ll see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with energy and nice glory. Now when these items start to happen, straighten up and lift your heads, as a result of your redemption is drawing close to.” Learn Extra

Jesus Foretells the Coming of the Son of Man. Having warned of the approaching destruction of the temple and Jerusalem (Luke 21:5–24), Jesus turns now to the extra distant future and foretells his second coming.

The Coming of the Son of Man. Jesus turns subsequent to teachings concerning the consummation of all issues and his return. indicators in solar and moon and stars. The powers of the heavens might be shaken describes nice modifications within the skies. they’ll see. The second coming entails the seen return of the Son of Man from heaven (Acts 1:11), bringing historical past to its finish. This stuff . . . happen refers to Luke 21:25–27. straighten up and lift your heads. A posture of hope and confidence. Redemption refers back to the time of Christ’s return, when mortality places on immortality (1 Cor. 15:53) and the redemption of the physique takes place (Rom. 8:23).

3. John 5:28–29

Don’t marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who’re within the tombs will hear his voice and are available out, those that have executed good to the resurrection of life, and those that have executed evil to the resurrection of judgment. Learn Extra

Jesus reaffirms the resurrection on the final day. Cf. Dan. 12:2. Those that have executed good . . . those that have executed evil doesn’t suggest that individuals’s deeds on this life are the idea on which judgment is pronounced (for that might contradict John’s sturdy emphasis on perception in Jesus as the best way to achieve everlasting life: see John 3:16; 5:24–25; and so on.). As an alternative, good works perform as proof of true religion, and if good works are missing they present an absence of true religion. All those that actually imagine might be introduced “from demise to life” (John 5:24) and as a consequence will do good and can due to this fact get pleasure from the resurrection of life.

4. 1 Thessalonians 4:16–17

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the lifeless in Christ will rise first. Then we who’re alive, who’re left, might be caught up along with them within the clouds to satisfy the Lord within the air, and so we’ll at all times be with the Lord. Learn Extra

cry of command . . . voice of an archangel . . . trumpet of God. The three noises summon the lifeless to wake from their slumber. The one “archangel” recognized within the Bible is Michael (Jude 9). Trumpets within the OT proclaimed the Lord’s presence (Ex. 19:16; 1 Chron. 16:6; Ps. 47:5; Joel 2:1; Zech. 9:14); in Jewish custom, the “trumpet” was related to battle, the day of the Lord, and the resurrection (cf. 1 Cor. 15:52). first . . . Then. Useless Christians rise from their graves to the realm of the residing, after which the residing and the lifeless collectively are caught up from the earth into the air to satisfy Christ. The Greek for “caught up” (harpazō, “to seize or seize instantly, to grab, take away”) provides a way of being forcibly and instantly lifted upward (see John 6:15; Acts 8:39). along with. The lifeless Christians would endure no drawback (cf. “we who’re alive . . . won’t precede,” 1 Thess. 4:15). clouds. Most likely not earthly rain clouds however the clouds of glory that encompass the presence of God (cf. Ex. 13:21; 33:9–10; 40:38; Num. 12:5; 1 Kings 8:10–11; Ps. 97:2; Dan. 7:13; Matt. 17:5; Mark 13:26; Acts 1:9; Rev. 14:14). to satisfy. The Greek time period apantēsis is usually used of an essential dignitary’s reception by the inhabitants of a metropolis, who come out to greet and welcome their honored visitor with fanfare and celebration, then accompany him into town (cf. Matt. 25:6; Acts 28:15; a associated time period hypantēsis is utilized in Matt. 25:1; John 12:13). It might point out that the next motion of the saints after assembly Christ “within the air” conforms to Christ’s course, thus in a downward movement towards the earth. Nonetheless, some interpreters warning that the vivid symbolism of apocalyptic language have to be saved in thoughts to keep away from over-interpretation of the apocalyptic particulars. within the air. The sky.

5. Revelation 1:7

Behold, he’s coming with the clouds, and each eye will see him, even those that pierced him, and all tribes of the earth will wail on account of him. Even so. Amen. Learn Extra

Announcement of the Coming King. coming with the clouds. Jesus will come because the Son of Man with common dominion (cf. Dan. 7:13–14), although his topics pierced him (Zech. 12:10). wail. Most students suppose the wailing is a response to judgment as a substitute of the form of grief that results in salvation. The approaching one is the Lord God, Alpha and Omega (first and final letters of the Gk. alphabet) (see Rev. 1:17; 22:13). Jesus is the start of all historical past (the Creator) and in addition the objective for whom all issues are made (all historical past is shifting towards glorifying him).

6. Hebrews 9:27–28

And simply as it’s appointed for man to die as soon as, and after that comes judgment, so Christ, having been provided as soon as to bear the sins of many, will seem a second time, to not take care of sin however to avoid wasting those that are eagerly ready for him. Learn Extra

appointed . . . to die as soon as. Each individual has however a single life earlier than everlasting judgment. This repudiates reincarnation and any concept that there might be a second likelihood to imagine after demise, since instantly after the reference to the actual fact of demise comes the phrase “and after that comes judgment,” with no trace of any intervening alternative for change of standing. The ultimate judgment will happen when Christ comes once more—he died as soon as as an providing for the sins of many, and he’ll seem a second time in judgment, when he’ll save his followers. those that are eagerly ready for him. This clear anticipation of Christ’s return (see Heb. 10:25; cf. Rom. 8:19, Rom. 8:23, Rom. 8:25; 1 Cor. 1:7; Gal. 5:5; Phil. 3:20) calls all who hope for salvation to expectant perseverance.

7. Matthew 24:26–31

“So, if they are saying to you, ‘Look, he’s within the wilderness,’ don’t exit. If they are saying, ‘Look, he’s within the interior rooms,’ don’t imagine it. For because the lightning comes from the east and shines so far as the west, so would be the coming of the Son of Man. Wherever the corpse is, there the vultures will collect.

“Instantly after the tribulation of these days the solar might be darkened, and the moon won’t give its mild, and the celebrities will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens might be shaken. Then will seem in heaven the signal of the Son of Man, after which all of the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they’ll see the Son of Man approaching the clouds of heaven with energy and nice glory. And he’ll ship out his angels with a loud trumpet name, and they’ll collect his elect from the 4 winds, from one finish of heaven to the opposite.” Learn Extra

Look, he’s within the wilderness . . . Look, he’s within the interior rooms. The Messiah won’t come secretly to a choose group and keep hidden from public view. Quite, he’ll appear as if a flash of lightning—sudden and visual to all.

Wherever the corpse is, there the vultures will collect. It appears finest to not “over-interpret” this placing proverbial expression. It most likely means merely that, simply as folks from far-off can see vultures circling excessive within the air, Christ’s return in judgment might be seen and predictable. An identical view is that the vultures counsel the widespread demise that may accompany the return of Christ to guage those that have rejected his kingdom. In both case, it is going to be inconceivable for folks to not see and acknowledge the return of Christ.

solar . . . moon . . . stars . . . powers. It’s doable that that is completely literal language (with “stars” maybe referring to a big meteor bathe). Others take it as a combination of literal and figurative language, and nonetheless others take it as completely figurative, pointing to political judgment on nations and governments. The argument in favor of a figurative interpretation is that this verse echoes presumably figurative language about heavenly disturbances within the OT prophets, corresponding to Isa. 13:10; 34:4; Ezek. 32:7; Joel 2:10; and Amos 8:9. These arguing for a literal interpretation level to biblical accounts of precise darkness: cf. Ex. 10:21–23 and Matt. 27:45. The thought of the celebrities falling and the heavens being rolled up is talked about elsewhere within the NT as effectively (see Heb. 1:12; 2 Pet. 3:7, 10, 12; Rev. 6:13–14). Whether or not these occasions are to be understood as being primarily literal or primarily figurative, it’s clear that these might be “earth-shattering” occasions, by way of which all creation might be radically remodeled on the return of Christ. (Relating to the “new heavens and the brand new earth,” see Isa. 65:17; 2 Pet. 3:13; Rev. 21:1.)

signal of the Son of Man. Some counsel that it is a kind of heavenly customary or banner that unfurls within the heavens as Christ returns in “energy and nice glory,” whereas others perceive it to be the arrival of the Son of Man himself because the signal of the end-time consummation of the age (cf. Matt. 16:27; Matt. 26:64). mourn. Both a sorrow that produces repentance, or an excellent disappointment of remorse in mild of coming judgment. they’ll see the Son of Man approaching the clouds of heaven. This most clearly is end-time language that remembers Daniel’s prophecy (Dan. 7:13–14) and factors to Jesus’ return on the finish of the age (cf. 2 Thess. 1:7–10; Rev. 19:11–16). with energy and nice glory. Christ might be revealed because the everlasting ruler of the dominion of God, designated by the Historic of Days to obtain worship and to train dominion over the earth and all of its inhabitants (cf. Dan. 7:13–14). The return of Christ is a literal occasion, wherein Christ “will are available the identical means” that the disciples “noticed him go into heaven” (Acts 1:11).

A trumpet name is related in Jewish end-time thought (Isa. 18:3; Isa. 27:13) and in addition in Christian writings (1 Cor. 15:51–52; 1 Thess. 4:16) with the looks of the Messiah. his angels . . . will collect his elect from the 4 winds, from one finish of heaven to the opposite. The involvement of angels most likely signifies that, when Jesus returns, he won’t solely collect to himself all believers alive on the earth however may also deliver with him all of the redeemed who’re in heaven (cf. 1 Thess. 4:14; Rev. 19:11–16).

8. 1 Thessalonians 5:1–3

Now in regards to the instances and the seasons, brothers, you haven’t any have to have something written to you. For you yourselves are totally conscious that the day of the Lord will come like a thief within the evening. Whereas individuals are saying, “There may be peace and safety,” then sudden destruction will come across them as labor pains come across a pregnant lady, and they won’t escape. Learn Extra

These verses are intently linked to 1 Thess. 4:13–18: each supply reassurance in regards to the destiny of Christians on the second coming, and 1 Thess. 5:9–10 alludes again to 1 Thess. 4:13–18. Evidently the Thessalonians both have been fearful that they may not be ready for the day of the Lord or have been insecure about their standing on that day in view of the current surprising deaths.

Now regarding. Paul could also be responding to a query from the Thessalonians communicated by Timothy. the instances and the seasons. That’s, when the day of the Lord will happen (cf. Acts 1:7). The Thessalonians’ query probably arose extra from anxiousness than idle curiosity, since Paul’s reply reassures slightly than rebukes them and appears involved with each the “how” and the “when” of the day of the Lord. you haven’t any have to have something written to you. Despite what the Thessalonians apparently suppose, there isn’t a actual want for Paul to put in writing them on this matter.

The phrase day of the Lord is frequent within the OT Prophets (see notice on Amos 5:18–20). It refers back to the nice and horrible day when Yahweh will intervene to punish the disobedient (e.g., Isa. 13:6–16; Joel 1:13–15; 2:1–11; Obad. 15–20; Mal. 4:5) and to avoid wasting the trustworthy (e.g., Isa. 27:2–13; Jer. 30:8–9; Joel 2:31–32; Obad. 21). In Paul’s letters it’s equated with the second coming. like a thief within the evening. All through the NT, the thief simile suggests unexpectedness and unwelcomeness (Matt. 24:43–44; Luke 12:39–40; 2 Pet. 3:10; Rev. 3:3; Rev. 16:15). The detrimental facet is clearly current in 1 Thess. 5:4, and there’s no cause to suppose that it’s absent right here. Nonetheless, though some have puzzled whether or not Paul is threatening the Thessalonians with the prospect of ultimate judgment, it appears extra probably, in view of 1 Thess. 5:4 and 1 Thess 5:9, that he’s really reassuring believers who’re insecure, maybe because of the current deaths of their midst. folks. That’s, unbelievers. peace and safety. Presumably an allusion to imperial Roman propaganda or (maybe extra probably) to Jer. 6:14 (or Jer. 8:11), the place related language is used of a delusional sense of immunity from divine wrath. labor pains. An analogy referring to the judgment and destruction on the day of the Lord. Cf. Isa. 13:8; Jer. 6:24.

9. 1 Corinthians 15:51–52

Behold! I inform you a thriller. We will not all sleep, however we will all be modified, in a second, within the short while, on the final trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the lifeless might be raised imperishable, and we will be modified. Learn Extra

thriller. Christians who’re alive on the time of the resurrection might be remodeled in order that their our bodies change into religious and immortal just like the our bodies of those that are resurrected from the lifeless. (See 1 Thess. 4:13–18.)

10. John 14:1–3

“Let not your hearts be anxious. Consider in God; imagine additionally in me. In my Father’s home are many rooms. If it weren’t so, would I’ve advised you that I am going to organize a spot for you? And if I am going and put together a spot for you, I’ll come once more and can take you to myself, that the place I’m chances are you’ll be additionally.” Learn Extra

Consider in God is translated as an crucial (or command), however the Greek is also rendered as an announcement, “You imagine in God.” The crucial might be higher in mild of the earlier sentence. What troubles the disciples is Jesus’ imminent departure (see 13:36). “Consider,” in line with OT utilization (e.g., Isa. 28:16), denotes private, relational belief.

In mild of the context (Jesus going to the Father; John 13:1, 3; John 14:28), it’s best to grasp my Father’s home as referring to heaven. In step with this picture, the many rooms (or “dwelling locations,” Gk. monē) are locations to dwell inside that enormous home. The interpretation “rooms” isn’t meant to convey the concept of small areas, however solely to maintain consistency within the metaphor of heaven as God’s “home.” In the same passage, Jesus speaks of his followers being obtained into the “everlasting dwellings” (Luke 16:9; cf. 1 Cor. 2:9).

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